Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi

Medieval Stained Glass in Great Britain

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Norfolk: Lammas (Lamas), Parish Church of St Andrew

O.S. TG 245233

A heavily restored church with a fifteenth-century tower. The chancel was rebuilt by H. J. Green in 1887–88, when six new windows were made in the nave. The only surviving glass is a fine late thirteenth- or early fourteenth-century shield of arms in sII A1. In the late sixteenth century, this coat of the Ingham family, Per pale or and vert a cross recercelé gules, was recorded in the chancel windows along with two others, Gules a a chevron between three boars heads argent (White), and Gules a bend fusily or (Marshall). 1 In the eighteenth century, the Ingham and Marsham coats were seen by Norris in the east chancel window. In the nave windows were Argent a lion rampant sable (Stapleton), 2 Quarterly argent and azure, on a bend sable three martlets or (Le Gros), Gules a fesse between three boars’ heads argent (White), and Argent a lion sable chained argent. Reginald Le Gros, lord of the manor of Lammas, presented to the church in 1227, but some time after 1248 the manor was held by Stephen de Redham; his son Bartholomew sold the advowson in 1281 to Oliver de Ingham, whose son John held it in 1309. In 1327, Mariona de Ingham held it and presented in the next year, but by 1349 the advowson had left the family. The shield thus probably dates from between 1281 and c.1327, probably c.1281 – c.1300, judging by the style.

Blomefield and Parkin record some interesting glass in the church that is now lost. The description is worth giving in full. 3

In a north window is painted the last judgment, the blessed standing under the judgment-seat on the right hand, with this over their heads:

[blackletter] Venite Benedicti Patris mei

Over the wicked, on the left hand:

[blackletter] Qui faciunt ista, non percipiunt Regna celestia

Ite Maledicti in Ignem Eternum.

In other panes of the window, is the blessed Virgin, feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, giving drink to the thirsty, and entertaining the stranger; and these sentences,

First pane

The Hungry Man says, [blackletter] For Hunger Gredy,

The Virgin answers, [blackletter]The to Fede lo me nogh reedy.

Second pane

The Naked calls out, [blackletter] For Cold I Qual

The Virgin answers, [blackletter] Doo on a Cloth the Warme withal.

Third pane

The Thirsty saith, [blackletter] For Thirst I Cleve.

The Virgin says, Have Drynk for the Lord that ye Leve.

Fourth pane The Stranger says, [blackletter] Hostel, I Crave.

She replies, Come wery in and you shall have.

In a north window is a priest in his habit, kneeling in a praying posture, and this,

[blackletter] Pray for the Sowll of Sir Adam Wylkynson Prest:’ 4

Thus there was a window here depicting the Last Judgement, as described in Matthew XXV, 31–46, which combines the separation of the sheep from the goats with the requirement to exercise the seven Corporal Acts of Mercy in order to avoid perdition. The first four acts are given in the description, but in a different order from the gospel account, lacking visiting the sick and visiting the prisoner.


BL, MS Harley 901, f.85v. The coat of White is given first, then that of Marshall ‘in the other side’, which may mean that White impales Marshall, but probably describes the position of the two shields to left and right in the chancel. The Ingham shield follows, and is now on the right in sII, although it is not necessarily in situ. Return to context
Sir Miles de Stapleton of Bedale held the advowson in 1350; Blomefield and Parkin 1805–10, VI, p. 290. Return to context
Woodforde (1950, p. 194) also gives the following. Return to context
Blomefield and Parkin 1805–10, VI, pp. 291–92. Return to context
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